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  • Parents incorrectly preparing formula or feeding solution
    • Formula is expensive and financial restraints or lack of education may lead the parents to dilute the formula.
  • GERD (Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease)
    • Symptoms: spitting up, vomiting, coughing, irritability, poor feeding, blood in the stool (National Institute of Health, 2006)

Medical Causes

  • Cystic Fibrosis
  • Down syndrome
  • Brain Damage
  • Heart or Lung Problems
  • Anemia, blood disorders
  • Gastrointestinal problems
  • Cerebral Palsy
  • Chronic Infections
  • Metabolic Disorders
  • Complications of pregnancy and low birth weight

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